Tag Archives: Paris Orthopedics

Occupational Therapy Versus Physical Therapy: What’s The Difference?


Two professions often mentioned in the same breath are occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT). While both fields aim to improve individuals’ quality of life and functional ability, they do so through different lenses and approaches. 

Occupational Therapy Versus Physical Therapy

Understanding the nuances between occupational therapy and physical therapy can help individuals make informed decisions about their healthcare needs and clarify misconceptions. Here at Paris Orthopedics, we’re here to help you learn the differences between these two disciplines.

Occupational Therapy: Enabling Meaningful Engagement

Occupational therapy revolves around helping individuals of all ages participate in meaningful activities or occupations. These occupations encompass various aspects of daily life, including self-care, productivity, and leisure. The primary goal of occupational therapists is to enhance individuals’ ability to perform these activities independently or with minimal assistance. A minimum of a master’s degree (e.g., Master of Occupational Therapy or Doctor of Occupational Therapy program) and state licensure is required to become an OT.

One distinguishing aspect of occupational therapy is its holistic approach. Therapists evaluate not only physical abilities but also cognitive, emotional, and environmental factors that influence a person’s engagement in activities. For example, an occupational therapist might work with a stroke survivor to regain motor skills necessary for dressing themselves while also addressing cognitive deficits affecting their ability to plan and sequence tasks.

Furthermore, occupational therapy often involves adapting environments or recommending assistive devices to facilitate participation in daily activities. This could range from installing grab bars in a bathroom to suggesting modifications in a workplace to prevent injuries or discomfort.

Physical Therapy: Restoring Movement & Function

Physical therapy, on the other hand, focuses primarily on restoring movement and function in individuals with physical impairments or disabilities. Physical therapists address issues related to mobility, strength, balance, and pain management. Their interventions aim to improve range of motion, build muscle strength, and enhance overall physical function. To be eligible to sit for the national exam, you need to graduate from an accredited higher educational institution with a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree. 

Physical therapy is commonly associated with rehabilitation following injuries, surgeries, or illnesses. Whether it’s helping someone recover from a sports injury, managing chronic pain, or assisting with mobility challenges due to conditions like arthritis or Parkinson’s disease, physical therapists employ various techniques to promote healing and restore function.

While occupational therapy may encompass physical rehabilitation as part of its interventions, physical therapists specialize in addressing the physical aspects of movement and function. Their focus is primarily on the body’s biomechanics and musculoskeletal system, working to optimize physical performance and prevent further injury.

Key Differences And Overlaps

While OT and PT have distinct focuses and approaches, there are areas where their roles intersect. Both professions collaborate closely in healthcare settings to provide comprehensive care to individuals with diverse needs. For instance, a patient recovering from a traumatic brain injury might receive physical therapy to improve balance and mobility while also working with an occupational therapist to regain the cognitive skills necessary for returning to work or managing daily tasks. 

Both occupational therapy and physical therapy aim to increase patient independence through motor skills, hand-eye coordination, motor planning, coordination, and balance. 


In essence, while occupational therapy emphasizes meaningful engagement in activities and addresses a broad spectrum of factors influencing function, physical therapy zeroes in on restoring physical movement and function through targeted interventions. At Paris Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, no injury is too large or too small. We treat everything from sprains to joint replacements. Don’t suffer any longer, we are here to help. Check out our website or contact us at (903) 737-0000.

7 Mobility Exercises For Better Movement

Participating in rigorous physical activity and exercise is a privilege. Not to mention, it can reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure. However, when it comes to maintaining that level of fitness, it is important to slow things down and focus on the foundation of functional movement, such as mobility exercises. The CDC also suggests that close to 14% of American adults have some kind of mobility issue that impacts their ability to safely walk and climb stairs.

Mobility Exercises For Better Movement

Mobility is often overlooked in favor of strength and cardio exercises, yet maintaining mobility is paramount for overall health and well-being. Whether you’re an athlete looking to improve performance or someone seeking to move more freely and comfortably, incorporating mobility exercises into your routine can make a world of difference. At Paris Orthopedics, we have put together seven effective exercises to enhance your mobility and promote better movement.

1. Cat-Cow Stretch

The cat-cow stretch is a classic yoga pose that promotes spinal mobility and flexibility. Start on your hands and knees with your wrists directly under your shoulders and knees under your hips. Inhale as you arch your back, lifting your chest and tailbone towards the ceiling like a “cow.” Exhale as you round your spine, tucking your chin to your chest and drawing your belly button towards your spine, like a “cat”. Flow smoothly between the two poses for 8-10 repetitions.

2. Thoracic Spine Mobility

Your thoracic spine is the middle section of your spine. Poor thoracic spine mobility can lead to compensations in other areas of the body, such as the lower back and shoulders. To improve thoracic spine mobility, try the thoracic spine rotation stretch. Begin in a seated position with your legs extended in front of you. Cross one leg over the other and place the opposite elbow on the outside of the bent knee. Rotate your torso towards the bent knee, reaching the opposite arm behind you for support. Hold for 20-30 seconds, then switch sides.

3. Deep Squat Hold

The deep squat is a fundamental human movement pattern that can improve hip, knee, and ankle mobility. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and toes slightly turned out. Squat down as low as comfortably possible while keeping your heels flat on the ground and your chest lifted. Hold the bottom position for 20-30 seconds, focusing on deep breathing and relaxing into the stretch.

4. Shoulder Mobility

Desk-bound jobs and constant phone use can result in tightness and limited mobility in the shoulders. To address this, incorporate shoulder flexions into your routine. Start standing with a shoulder-width grip on a resistance band, broomstick, or like object. Keeping your arms straight, slowly raise the band overhead and behind you until you feel a stretch in your shoulders. Return to the starting position and repeat for 10-15 repetitions.

5. Ankle Mobility

Reduced ankle mobility can affect squat depth and overall lower body movement patterns. Improve ankle mobility with ankle circles. Sit on the ground with your legs extended in front of you. Point your toes and begin tracing circles with your feet, moving in both clockwise and counterclockwise directions. Aim for 10-12 circles in each direction.

6. Hip Circles

Hip mobility is essential for various activities, from walking and running to squatting and lunging. Perform hip circles to improve hip mobility and range of motion. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and hands on your hips. Begin by circling your hips in a clockwise direction, gradually increasing the size of the circles. After 10-12 repetitions, switch to a 

counterclockwise direction.

7. Hip Flexor Stretch

Prolonged sitting can lead to tight hip flexors, which can restrict hip mobility and contribute to lower back pain. To counteract this, incorporate a hip flexor stretch into your daily routine. Start in a kneeling position with one knee on the ground and the other foot flat on the floor in front of you. Gently push your hips forward while keeping your torso upright until you feel a stretch in the front of your hip. Hold for 20-30 seconds, then switch sides.

Mobility exercises can help unlock greater freedom of movement, leading to a more active and healthy life. At Paris Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, we understand how important mobility exercises are to keep you performing and injury-free. We are here to answer any questions you may have or to provide you with more mobility exercises. Check out our website or contact us at (903) 737-0000.

Fueling Success: 10 Nutrition Tips For Student-Athletes

Balancing the demands of academics and athletics requires a significant amount of attention, and proper nutrition is a cornerstone of success for student-athletes. Whether you’re sprinting on the track, dribbling on the soccer court, or diving into the pool, fueling your body with the right nutrients is essential for optimal performance, recovery, and maintaining healthy bones. At Paris Orthopedics, we’re here to explore key nutrition tips tailored to the unique needs of student-athletes, helping them navigate the challenges of a demanding schedule.

Prioritize Balanced Meals

Key Macronutrients

One of the key nutrition tips for student-athletes is to consume a well-balanced mix of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to sustain energy levels and support overall health. Include whole grains, lean proteins, healthy fats, and a variety of fruits and vegetables in each meal.

Meal Timing

Aim for regular, balanced meals throughout the day. Don’t skip meals, especially breakfast, as it provides the necessary fuel to kickstart your metabolism and maintain energy levels.

Stay Hydrated

Importance of Hydration

Dehydration can significantly impact athletic performance, leading to fatigue, decreased endurance, and impaired cognitive function. Another one of our key nutrition tips is to drink water consistently throughout the day, and consider sports drinks during intense training sessions to replenish electrolytes.

Individualized Needs

The amount of water needed varies based on factors like body weight, climate, and activity level. Pay attention to your body’s signals and adjust your fluid intake accordingly.

Optimize Pre-Workout Nutrition

Carbohydrate Loading

Consume a carbohydrate-rich meal 2-3 hours before intense workouts or competitions to ensure glycogen stores are adequately replenished. This can include pasta, rice, or whole-grain options.

Protein Intake

Include a moderate amount of protein in your pre-workout meal to support muscle maintenance and repair. Examples include lean meats, poultry, fish, or plant-based protein sources.

Recovery Nutrition

Post-Workout Window

The post-exercise period is crucial for recovery. Consume a balanced meal or snack within 30 minutes to an hour after exercise to replenish glycogen stores and kick-start muscle repair.

Protein-Rich Snacks

Opt for snacks that combine carbohydrates and proteins, such as yogurt with fruit or a peanut butter banana sandwich, to support recovery.

Incorporate Healthy Snacks

Nutrient-Dense Options

Keep nutrient-dense snacks readily available for quick energy boosts between classes and practices. Nuts, seeds, yogurt, fruit, and granola bars are convenient and nutritious choices.

Avoid Empty Calories

Minimize the intake of sugary snacks and beverages, known as empty calories, as they provide quick but short-lived energy and may lead to energy crashes.

Individualized Nutrition Plans

Consult With Professionals

Consider working with a registered dietitian or nutritionist to create an individualized nutrition plan that aligns with your specific needs, goals, and dietary preferences.

Trial And Error

Experiment with different foods and meal timings during training sessions to identify what works best for your body and performance.

Monitor Micronutrient Intake

Vitamins and Minerals

Ensuring a diverse and colorful diet to meet your body’s micronutrient needs is one of the key nutrition tips. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are rich sources of essential vitamins and minerals.

Supplementation, If Necessary

If certain micronutrient needs are challenging to meet through food alone, consider supplements after consulting with a healthcare professional.

Mindful Eating Habits

Eat Mindfully

Avoid distractions like phones or screens while eating. Nutrition tips like these can help you focus on your meal to enhance digestion, promote satiety, and prevent overeating.

Listen To Hunger Signals

Pay attention to hunger and fullness cues. Eating when hungry and stopping when satisfied helps maintain a healthy relationship with food.

Adequate Sleep

Sleep Quality

Nutrition is interconnected with sleep. Ensure you get adequate and quality sleep to support recovery, hormone regulation, and overall well-being. Sleepfoundation.org suggests that teens (ages 13-18 years) should be getting between 8 and 10 hours of sleep every night. School-age children (ages 6-12 years) need at least 9-12 hours.

For student-athletes, achieving success both academically and athletically requires a commitment to optimal nutrition. At Paris Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, we understand how important nutrition and bone health is for all student-athletes. We are here to answer any questions you may have or to provide you with more nutrition tips for your student-athlete. Check out our website or contact us at (903) 737-0000.

Eating Disorders And Osteoporosis

Eating disorders, characterized by unhealthy relationships with food and body image, not only affect an individual’s mental and physical well-being but can also lead to severe long-term health consequences. Among the various physical complications associated with eating disorders, osteoporosis emerges as a silent yet significant threat. 

Eating Disorders And Osteoporosis

Dealing with an eating disorder is no small feat. When your mind is constantly focused on body image, there is often little room left for the thought of bone health. Understanding the intricate connection between eating disorders, specifically anorexia nervosa, and osteoporosis, is crucial for both healthcare professionals and individuals seeking recovery. Paris Orthopedics is here to explain the connection between these two disorders and ways to seek care, 

1. The Impact of Nutrient Deficiency

According to the National Library of Medicine, anorexia nervosa (AN) affects 2.9 million people, many of whom experience bone loss and increased fracture risk. Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa often involve severe calorie restriction, excessive exercise, and purging behaviors. These patterns can lead to nutrient deficiencies, including insufficient intake of calcium, vitamin D, and other essential nutrients crucial for maintaining bone health. Prolonged nutrient deficiencies can compromise the body’s ability to build and maintain strong, healthy bones.

2. Hormonal Imbalances and Bone Density

Chronic malnutrition associated with eating disorders disrupts hormonal balance in the body. In particular, disruptions to hormones like estrogen and testosterone, which play a crucial role in maintaining bone density, can occur. Estrogen, in particular, is essential for promoting the absorption of calcium and other minerals vital for bone strength. Hormonal imbalances resulting from eating disorders contribute to a reduction in bone density, making individuals more susceptible to osteoporosis.

3. Menstrual Irregularities and Bone Health

Women with eating disorders often experience menstrual irregularities, including amenorrhea (absence of menstruation). This disruption in the menstrual cycle is closely linked to hormonal imbalances and has direct implications for bone health. Amenorrhea, especially when coupled with low estrogen levels, accelerates bone loss and increases the risk of osteoporosis. It is a red flag that requires immediate attention and intervention.

4. Impact On Bone Mass Acquisition During Adolescence

Adolescence is a critical period for bone mass acquisition. Eating disorders that begin during these formative years can have lasting consequences on bone health. Poor nutritional intake and hormonal imbalances during adolescence can impair the development of peak bone mass, leaving individuals more vulnerable to osteoporosis later in life.

5. The Role of Purging Behaviors

Bulimia nervosa, characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by purging, poses additional risks to bone health. Frequent vomiting associated with purging leads to the loss of stomach acid, which is essential for calcium absorption. The repeated cycles of purging can contribute to calcium depletion, among other deficiencies, further compromising bone density and increasing the likelihood of osteoporosis.

6. Recovery And Bone Health

Anorexia is associated with a threefold increase in the lifetime risk of a bone break. Up to 57% of women with anorexia break at least one bone during life. Fortunately, with proper treatment and recovery from eating disorders, individuals can take steps to mitigate the impact on bone health. Nutritionists and healthcare professionals play an important role in developing well-balanced meal plans that address nutrient deficiencies. 

The prevalence of osteoporosis in relation to eating disorders is important to understand, even if bone health is not at the top of mind. By addressing both the mental and physical aspects of conditions such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, it is possible to promote recovery and minimize the risk of osteoporosis. At Paris Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, we understand how important bone health is and are here to answer any questions you may have. Check out our website or contact us at (903) 737-0000.

Osgood-Schlatters In Child Athletes 

Childhood is a crucial time for physical development and participation in sports. While sports offer numerous benefits, they can also come with the risk of injuries, particularly for growing bodies. Osgood-Schlatters disease (OSD) is one such condition that commonly affects child athletes, causing discomfort and temporarily altering their participation in sports.

Understanding the basics of OSD can help parents and children recognize the importance of prevention and seek appropriate treatment. At Paris Orthopedics, we aim to give you the information you need to stay healthy and avoid injury.

Understanding Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease is a condition characterized by inflammation of the patellar ligament, which connects the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone (tibia). This inflammation occurs at the point where the ligament attaches to the tibia, leading to pain, swelling, and tenderness just below the kneecap. OSD is most prevalent in children and adolescents, typically between the ages of 10 and 15, during the peak of growth spurts. 

Causes And Risk Factors

The primary cause of Osgood-Schlatter disease is the rapid growth and development of bones during adolescence. As children go through growth spurts, the bones, muscles, and tendons may grow at different rates, leading to tension and stress on the patellar ligament. This stress, combined with repetitive use of the knee in activities like running and jumping, can contribute to the development of Osgood-Schlatters.

Certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing Osgood-Schlatter disease. These include engaging in sports that involve running, jumping, or rapid changes in direction, such as soccer, basketball, and gymnastics. Additionally, children who are physically active or participate in intense training regimens may be more susceptible to OSD.

Symptoms And Diagnosis

The hallmark symptom of Osgood-Schlatter disease is knee pain, typically located just below the kneecap. This pain often worsens with physical activity and may be accompanied by swelling and tenderness. In some cases, a bony bump may develop at the site of the inflammation.

Diagnosing OSD usually involves a thorough physical examination by a healthcare professional. X-rays may be ordered to rule out other potential causes of knee pain and to assess the severity of the condition. While Osgood-Schlatter disease is generally self-limiting and resolves with time, proper management is essential to alleviate symptoms and prevent long-term complications.

Management And Treatment

The primary goal of managing Osgood-Schlatter disease is to relieve symptoms and allow the child to continue participating in physical activities while avoiding further stress on the affected knee. Conservative treatments for Osgood-Schlatters often include rest, ice therapy, and the use of over-the-counter pain relievers. In some cases, a knee brace or strap may be recommended to provide support to the patellar ligament. Education about proper warm-up techniques, stretching, and modifying activity levels can also help prevent symptom exacerbation.

Return To Sports And Long-Term Outlook

Most children with Osgood-Schlatters disease can return to their sports activities once their symptoms have subsided and their knees have fully healed. However, it’s essential to manage expectations and gradually reintroduce activities to prevent a recurrence of symptoms.

In the long term, Osgood-Schlatter disease does not typically result in lasting complications. As the child completes their growth spurt, the bones and tendons usually adapt, and the symptoms gradually resolve. However, it’s crucial for parents, coaches, and healthcare providers to work together to create an environment that supports the child’s physical development while minimizing the risk of injury.

Contact Paris Orthopedics

Do you have a child dealing with osgood-schlatters? Is it affecting their ability to participate in sports or their day-to-day mobility? It may be time to find an orthopedic provider you can trust. Paris Orthopedic and Sports Medicine’s board-certified physicians offer patients comprehensive orthopedic and musculoskeletal services. Our services include surgical and non-surgical treatments for sports injuries and a broad range of bone, muscle, and joint problems. For more information, visit our website to schedule an appointment or give us a call at (903) 737-0000.

15 Travel Tips For People Struggling With An Orthopedic Issue

Deciding to travel can be an exciting and enriching experience, but journeying to new places may have added concerns for individuals grappling with orthopedic issues. Whether you’re dealing with chronic pain, a recent injury, or the challenges of limited mobility, careful planning, and a few travel-savvy strategies can help ensure a smoother and more enjoyable trip.

Your team at Paris Orthopedics is here to help the travel be as seamless as possible. These are a few tips we have compiled to help make that happen. 

Consult Your Orthopedic Specialist 

Before embarking on your journey, schedule a consultation with your orthopedic specialist. They can offer valuable advice, prescribe necessary medications, and even provide a letter detailing your condition and any assistive devices you may need.

Choose Your Destination Wisely

Opt for destinations that are more accessible and cater to your needs. Research wheelchair-friendly accommodations, accessible transportation options, and attractions that offer accommodations for individuals with limited mobility.

Pack Smart 

When packing, think about your orthopedic needs. Don’t forget to pack supportive footwear, orthotics, braces, or mobility aids you may require. A compact first aid kit with pain relief medications and bandages can also be beneficial.

Select Comfortable Travel Wear 

Dressing comfortably can make a significant difference during travel. Choose loose-fitting clothing that doesn’t constrict your movements and supportive shoes that provide proper arch and heel support.

Plan Your Transportation 

If flying, inform the airline of your condition so they can assist. Reserve an aisle seat to make it easier to stretch your legs and move around during the flight. If you’re driving, plan frequent rest stops to stretch and move.

Prevent Blood Clots

Long flights or extended periods of sitting can increase the risk of blood clots. Stay hydrated, perform ankle exercises, and take short walks up and down the aisle when flying. Compression stockings can also help improve blood circulation.

Accommodation Considerations 

Choose accommodations that offer amenities like ramps, elevators, and accessible bathrooms. Call ahead to ensure your room is suitable for your needs. Some hotels even provide equipment like shower chairs upon request.

Utilize Mobility Aids

If you use a cane, walker, or wheelchair, ensure they are in good condition before your trip. Carry any necessary spare parts or tools for quick repairs. Research if your destination offers rentals if needed.

Plan for Comfortable Activities 

Tailor your itinerary to include activities that are manageable with your orthopedic condition. Consider guided tours, sightseeing from a bus, or visiting attractions with wheelchair access.

Stay Active and Stretch 

Incorporate gentle stretches and movements into your daily routine while traveling. This helps prevent stiffness and maintains muscle strength. Check with your orthopedic specialist for specific exercises.

Medication Management

Pack your medications in their original containers, and carry a copy of your prescription. Be mindful of time zone changes that might affect your medication schedule.

Travel Insurance 

Invest in comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, including those related to your orthopedic condition. This will provide peace of mind in case unforeseen issues arise.

Plan for Assistance 

Feel free to ask for help when needed. Airports, hotels, and tourist attractions often have staff trained to assist individuals with mobility challenges.

Rest and Listen to Your Body 

Take breaks as needed, and don’t push yourself too hard. Listen to your body’s signals and adjust your plans accordingly.

Enjoy the Journey

Remember that the purpose of your trip is to enjoy new experiences and make lasting memories. Focus on the positive aspects and take things at your own pace.

Learn More With Paris Orthopedics 

Traveling with an orthopedic issue may require extra effort, but with thoughtful planning and the proper precautions, you can explore new destinations and create unforgettable travel experiences. Always prioritize your health and comfort, and don’t hesitate to seek advice from your orthopedic specialist at Paris Orthopedics before embarking on your journey. Learn more on our website today to get started! 

Orthopedics and Genetics: What Is The Connection?

Orthopedics and genetics might seem like distant medical fields at first glance, but upon closer inspection, it becomes evident that they have a fascinating and intricate connection. Orthopedics deals with diagnosing, treating, and preventing disorders and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. On the other hand, genetics focuses on studying genes and their impact on health, traits, and diseases. 

The intersection of these two disciplines provides insights into understanding the genetic basis of various orthopedic conditions, paving the way for more personalized and effective treatments. At Paris Orthopedics, we stay up-to-date with the cutting-edge science behind orthopedic health. 

Advancements In Genetic Research 

In recent years, significant advancements in genetic research have shed light on the role of genetics in orthopedic conditions. Many orthopedic disorders have been found to have a genetic component, meaning that variations in specific genes can predispose individuals to some musculoskeletal issues. 

One of the most well-known examples is osteogenesis imperfecta, brittle bone disease. This genetic disorder is characterized by fragile bones that are prone to fractures. Mutations in genes responsible for collagen production and bone development lead to this condition, underscoring the direct link between genetics and orthopedic health.

Understand Higher Risk 

Understanding the genetic underpinnings of orthopedic conditions can help identify individuals at higher risk for specific disorders. Genetic screening and testing can enable early detection of these predispositions, allowing for proactive interventions to prevent or manage the development of orthopedic problems. 

For instance, genetic testing can identify individuals more susceptible to conditions like scoliosis or osteoarthritis, enabling clinicians to implement targeted monitoring and preventive measures.

Response To Treatments 

Genetics also plays a role in how individuals respond to orthopedic treatments. Drug metabolism and efficacy can be influenced by genetic variations, affecting how patients respond to medications for pain management, inflammation, and bone healing. 

Tailoring treatments based on an individual’s genetic makeup, known as pharmacogenetics, can enhance treatment outcomes and reduce the risk of adverse effects.

New Regenerative Medicine 

In the realm of orthopedic surgery, genetics has revolutionized regenerative medicine. Using stem cells and gene therapies has opened new avenues for repairing damaged tissues, such as cartilage and tendons. 

Scientists are exploring how to modify genes to enhance tissue regeneration, potentially offering groundbreaking solutions for previously difficult-to-treat injuries.

Understanding More Complex Conditions 

Genetics has also contributed to understanding complex orthopedic conditions, such as congenital hip dysplasia and developmental disorders like Marfan syndrome. These conditions often arise due to multiple genetic factors interacting with environmental influences. 

By deciphering the genetic components of these disorders, researchers can gain insights into the mechanisms that lead to their development, leading to improved diagnostics and targeted interventions.

The Challenges of Genetics 

However, the interplay between genetics and orthopedics presents particular challenges as well. Genetic predisposition is rarely the sole factor in orthopedic conditions; lifestyle, environmental factors, and chance also contribute. Deciphering the exact role of genetics in the context of multifactorial disorders can be intricate and require extensive research.

Ethical considerations also come into play when discussing genetics and orthopedics. Genetic testing for orthopedic conditions raises questions about privacy, informed consent, and potential psychological implications. Healthcare providers must navigate these complexities while delivering patients accurate and beneficial genetic information.

Treat Your Orthopedic Needs At Paris Orthopedics 

The connection between orthopedics and genetics is a multifaceted and evolving field with immense promise for improving patient care and outcomes. As genetic research continues to advance, collaboration between orthopedic specialists and geneticists becomes increasingly crucial to unlock the full potential of this connection. Ultimately, the integration of genetics into orthopedics can revolutionize how musculoskeletal disorders are understood, diagnosed, and treated, leading to more effective, tailored, and innovative approaches to orthopedic care. Want to learn more about your orthopedic health? Contact our team today to schedule an appointment!

Treating Fractures: Casts vs. Splints vs. Surgery

Fractures, or broken bones, are common injuries that require prompt and appropriate treatment to ensure proper healing and minimize long-term complications. Depending on the severity and location of the fracture, as well as individual patient factors, treating fractures can include different treatment approaches, including casts, splints, and surgery.

Each option has its benefits and considerations, and the choice of treatment depends on factors such as the type of fracture, its location, and the patient’s overall health. When you work with a team such as ours at Paris Orthopedics, we will help you make this call so that you can heal safely and effectively. Today, you can learn more and even come up with questions you may have at future appointments. 


Casts are a traditional and widely used method of treating fractures. A cast is a rigid shell of plaster or fiberglass molded around the injured area to immobilize the broken bone and surrounding joints. Casts are effective for stabilizing simple fractures that do not require surgical intervention. They are particularly suitable for fractures in long bones, such as the arms and legs. Casts provide consistent and steady support, preventing movement that could hinder healing.

Advantages of casts include their ability to provide strong immobilization, promote alignment of fractured bone segments, and require less frequent follow-up appointments than other treatment methods. Casts are also cost-effective and non-invasive. However, they have limitations regarding accessibility for hygiene, as they cannot be removed for washing, and they may lead to skin irritation or muscle atrophy if worn for extended periods.


Splints are similar to casts but are less rigid and offer more flexibility. They are often used in cases where swelling is a concern, as they allow for some swelling without causing discomfort or restricting blood flow. Splints are commonly used as initial treatment for fractures, providing temporary stabilization until a definitive treatment plan can be established. They are advantageous for fractures that require close monitoring or might require surgical intervention at a later stage.

The flexibility of splints can be beneficial in some situations, as they allow for adjustments as swelling subsides or as further diagnostic tests are conducted. However, due to their less rigid nature, splints may not provide as much support as casts, and patients might need to be cautious about overusing the affected limb to prevent further injury.


Surgical intervention becomes necessary when treating fractures that are complex involving joints, open fractures (where the bone pierces through the skin), or fractures that fail to heal correctly with conservative methods. Surgery involves the realignment and fixation of fractured bone segments using plates, screws, pins, or rods. Internal fixation stabilizes the bone fragments, enabling early mobility and reducing the risk of complications like nonunion or malunion.

Advantages of treating fractures with surgery include precise alignment of fractured fragments, immediate stability, and the potential for faster healing and recovery. Surgical intervention is often chosen for fractures that could lead to long-term functional impairment or deformities without proper realignment. However, surgery carries inherent risks like infection, bleeding, and anesthesia-related complications. Recovery from surgery might also involve rehabilitation and physiotherapy to restore full function and strength.

Learn More With Paris Orthopedics 

The choice between casts, splints, and surgery for treating fractures depends on a range of factors, including the type, location, and severity of the fracture, as well as the patient’s overall health and preferences. 

Ultimately, the decision on the appropriate treatment approach should be made in consultation with a medical professional who can evaluate the specific circumstances of the fracture and the patient’s needs. Our team at Paris Orthopedics can help you make that call. Contact us today to get started!

15 Tips To Prepare For An Orthopedic Surgery

Preparing for orthopedic surgery can be a significant event in your life, and it’s essential to approach it with careful planning and diligence. Whether you’re undergoing a joint replacement, spinal surgery, or any other orthopedic procedure, proper preparation can enhance your overall experience and contribute to a successful outcome. 

At Paris Orthopedics, we ensure you have a comfortable experience, even with surgery. Here are some valuable tips to help you prepare for orthopedic surgery. 

Choose the Right Surgeon

Research and select an experienced orthopedic surgeon specializing in the specific procedure you need. Look for a hospital with a good reputation for orthopedic care and a track record of successful surgeries. This can give you peace of mind going into the surgery, knowing you are working with a surgeon you can trust. 

Understand the Procedure

Take the time to understand the surgery you’ll be undergoing thoroughly. Ask your surgeon about the procedure, potential risks, expected outcomes, and the recovery process. Having a clear understanding will alleviate anxiety and help you make informed decisions.

Maintain Open Communication

Keep an open line of communication with your surgeon and healthcare team. Inform them about any medical conditions, allergies, medications, or supplements you are taking. Honest communication is vital to ensure your safety during surgery.

Pre-operative Testing 

Your surgeon may order specific pre-operative tests to assess your overall health and identify any potential risks. These tests may include blood work, X-rays, and an electrocardiogram (ECG). Follow your surgeon’s instructions regarding these tests.

Get in Good Physical Shape

Before surgery, improve your physical fitness to the best of your ability. Engage in exercises your surgeon approves of, focusing on strengthening the muscles around the surgical site. This can aid in your post-operative recovery.

Quit Smoking and Limit Alcohol 

Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can impair healing and increase the risk of complications. Quit smoking and limit alcohol intake at least several weeks before the surgery. There are many resources for you to learn more about the effects of smoking and alcohol on the body, especially during recovery. 

Adjust Medications

Some medications, such as blood thinners, may need to be adjusted or temporarily stopped before surgery. Follow your surgeon’s guidelines regarding medication management.

Arrange Support 

Plan for support during your recovery period. Arrange for a friend or family member to accompany you on the day of surgery and help you during the initial post-operative period.

Prepare Your Home 

Make your home post-surgery friendly. Create a comfortable recovery space with easy access to essential items. Consider installing grab bars, removing trip hazards, and ensuring everything is within reach.

Follow Pre-Operative Fasting Instructions

Your surgeon will likely provide fasting instructions before surgery. Follow these guidelines carefully to avoid complications during the procedure.

Prepare for Post-Operative Care 

Discuss the post-operative care plan with your surgeon. Understand what to expect during the recovery period and how long it will take to resume daily activities.

Plan Transportation

Arrange for transportation to and from the hospital on the day of surgery. You won’t be able to drive immediately after the procedure.

Practice Relaxation Techniques 

Reducing anxiety before surgery can be beneficial. Practice relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing exercises, to help manage stress.

Follow Pre-Operative Hygiene 

Shower with an antibacterial soap the night before and the morning of the surgery to reduce the risk of infection. Your doctor will provide plenty of information regarding post-operative care, including how to stay clean and keep the surgical area clean. 

Pack Thoughtfully

If you need to stay overnight in the hospital, pack essential items like comfortable clothing, toiletries, and any personal items to help you feel more at ease. This can be helpful to do days prior to the surgery to ensure you do not forget anything.  

Work With Paris Orthopedics 

Following these tips can prepare you physically and mentally for your orthopedic surgery. Remember to maintain a positive outlook and trust your medical team’s expertise, contributing to a smoother recovery process. Your active participation in the preparation process will empower you to take charge of your health and enhance your overall surgical experience. Do you have questions about orthopedic surgery? Our team can help! Contact Paris Orthopedics for more information

10 Tips For Managing Arthritis Pain

Arthritis is a chronic condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It causes joint pain, stiffness, and inflammation, making everyday activities challenging and often painful. While there is no cure for arthritis, various strategies and lifestyle changes can help manage the pain and improve the quality of life. 

At Paris Orthopedics, we see many patients struggling with arthritis pain. A few simple changes can make all the difference. Here are some essential tips for managing arthritis pain. 

Stay Active 

Regular exercise is crucial for managing arthritis pain. Low-impact activities like walking, swimming, and cycling can help improve joint flexibility, strengthen muscles, and reduce pain. It is essential to start slowly and gradually increase the intensity and duration of exercise. Work with a physical therapist or an exercise specialist to develop a tailored exercise program that suits your needs.

Maintain a Healthy Weight

Extra weight puts additional stress on the joints, exacerbating arthritis pain. Maintaining a healthy weight is essential for managing arthritis symptoms. If you are overweight, losing even a small amount of weight can significantly reduce the strain on your joints and alleviate pain.

Apply Heat or Cold

Applying heat or cold to the affected joints can temporarily relieve arthritis pain. Heat can help relax muscles and improve blood circulation, while cold therapy can numb the area and reduce inflammation. Experiment with both to see which works best for you. Remember to use a barrier (such as a towel) between the heating or cooling element and your skin to avoid burns or frostbite.

Use Assistive Devices 

Various assistive devices can make daily tasks easier and reduce joint stress. For example, jar openers, reacher grabbers, or ergonomic tools can minimize strain on the hands and wrists. Assistive devices such as canes, crutches, or walkers can help support your weight and reduce pressure on the lower extremities.

Practice Joint Protection 

Simple modifications to your daily routine can go a long way in managing arthritis pain. Avoid repetitive movements and activities that put excessive stress on your joints. Use larger joints instead of smaller ones whenever possible (e.g., use your shoulder instead of your wrist to carry a heavy bag). Maintain good posture and use ergonomic furniture and tools to minimize joint strain.

Try Relaxation Techniques

Stress and tension can worsen arthritis pain. Engaging in relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, yoga, or tai chi can help promote relaxation, reduce stress, and alleviate pain. These practices also improve flexibility and encourage a sense of well-being.

Use Medications as Prescribed

Over-the-counter and prescription medications can help manage arthritis pain and inflammation. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), analgesics, and corticosteroids are commonly prescribed for arthritis pain. It is essential to use these medications as prescribed and discuss any concerns or side effects with your healthcare provider.

Get Enough Rest

Fatigue can worsen arthritis pain and make daily activities more challenging. Ensure you get enough rest and sleep to allow your body to recover. Listen to your body and take breaks when needed. Balancing rest and activity is crucial for managing arthritis pain effectively.

Stay Positive and Seek Support

Living with chronic pain can be emotionally draining. It is essential to stay positive and maintain a good support network. Seek support from family, friends, or support groups who can understand and empathize with your experiences. Talking to a mental health professional can also be beneficial in coping with the emotional aspects of living with arthritis.

Stay Informed 

Stay updated on the latest information and treatment options for arthritis. Consult with healthcare professionals and stay connected with reputable arthritis organizations or websites. Knowing your condition can help you make informed decisions about managing your pain.

Schedule An Appointment With Paris Orthopedics 

Managing arthritis pain requires a comprehensive approach that combines lifestyle changes, self-care strategies, and medical interventions. It is important to work closely with your healthcare team to develop an individualized plan that suits your specific needs. 

Incorporating these tips into your daily routine can effectively manage arthritis pain and improve your overall quality of life. Are you interested in learning more about managing arthritis pain? Check out our website or give us a call at (903) 737-0000 for more information.